Calypso bulbosa var. occidentalis in situ

Photographer ©Ron Parsons

The Orchid Digest Front Cover 86-1

Calypso bulbosa var. occidentalis (Holz.) Cockerell, Torreya 16: 185 (1916)

Calypso bulbosa var. occidentalis is a terrestrial orchid found in the northwestern regions of Canada and the United States. It is found in Alaska, California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington in the USA. In Canada, it is found in British Colombia. It has white and reddish markings on the labellum and blooms from April through June. The common names of this orchid are the Western Fairy-slipper and the Pacific Fairy-slipper.

Calypso bulbosa does not produce nectar; instead, their flower has a similar shape and smell to other nectar-producing flowers. Pollinators are lured to the flowers by these similarities.

Calypso bulbosa is chlorophyllous and hemi-mycoheterotrophic; it makes its own food and utilizes at least one fungus species to provide some of its carbon intake. The known fungus involved is Thanatephorus ochraceus, a saprotroph.

Calypso bulbosa var. occidentalis requires dappled, diffused, or filtered light. Summer day temperatures should average 74-85oF (23-29oC). Nights should average 45-51oF (7-11oC). Winter days average 41-47oF (5-8oC) and nights 25-28oF (-4 to -2oC). Plants should be kept rather dry during the winter. Plants should be grown in a deep pot with a layer of rock or broken clay pots at the bottom for drainage and then filled with material collected from fir or pine forests or leaf mold. Fungi are important to the growth, so collecting potting material from where they grow in situ naturally gives them at least a chance of getting the fungi necessary for their successful growth.

Homotypic Names:

* Basionym/Replaced Synonym

Heterotypic Synonyms:

References:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Wildflower.org          https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CABUO

North American Orchid Conservation Center:             https://goorchids.northamericanorchidcenter.org/species/calypso/bulbosa/

Baker, Charles and Margaret. (www.orchidculture.com). Cultivation requirements for Calypso    bulbosa var. occidentalis

World Checklist of Selected Plant Families:

https://wcsp.science.kew.org/prepareChecklist.do?checklist=selected_families%40%400            28280120221944474

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